吉林省实验中学2015届高三毕业班第一次适应性测试英 语 学 科
命题人：赵忱本试卷分第Ⅰ卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择题）两部分，共 150分，共12页。注意事项：1. 答题前，考生先将自己的姓名、准考证号码填写清楚，讲条形码准确粘贴 在条形码区域内。2. 选择题必须使用2B铅笔填涂；非选择题必须使用0.5毫米黑色字迹的签字笔书写，字体工整、笔记清楚。3. 请按照题号顺序在答题卡各题目的答题区域内作答，超出答题区域书写的答案无效；在草稿纸、试题卷上答题无效。4. 保持卡面清洁，不要折叠，不要弄破、弄皱，不准使用涂改液、修正带、刮纸刀。
第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分40分）第一节（共15小题；每小题2分，满分30分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
AA sick little gift is being kept alive thanks to her best friend--a dog who carries her oxygen tank on his back. Alida’s faithful dog companion Mr Gibbs has been specially trained to shepherd the three-year-old, who breathes through a tube most of the time. He follows her closely as she plays in her family’s ten-acre land in Louisville, uses the slide or even rides her bike.Alida was diagnosed（诊断）with neuroendocrine hyperplasia of infancy（NEHI）when she was just eight months old. Her rare condition has just eight hundred documented sufferers throughout the world, and causes diseased pieces of the lungs to filter（过滤）oxygen through extra layers（膜）of cells making it hard or almost impossible to breathe. For Alida and her parents, it meant that even a walk in the park was very difficult because oxygen equipment was too heavy for the youngster to be able to carry herself. As parents they wanted to do something to help their daughter survive despite having a tube following her all the time. The couple found out about “service dogs” from a TV program and realized an animal trained to help the blind could be trained to help Alida. They finally found help in the shape of golden doodle—a retriever crossed with a poodle-dog Mr Gibbs. Now--thanks to trainer Ashleigh Kinsley—Alida and Mr Gibbs love nothing more than playing and running around together with the dog acting as Alida’s life saver.21. What is Mr Gibbs?A. A pet dog. B. A policeman. C. A doctor. D. A firefighter.22. When did the doctor know Alicia caught the disease?A. At her birth. B. At the age of eight.C. Before she was one year old. D. When she was three years old.23. The underlined part “the couple” in paragraph 3 refers to ________.A. Alida’s classmates B. Alida’s parentsC. Alida’s doctors D. Alida’s pets24. How did Alicia keep alive?A. By training her dog. B. By staying with her parents.C. By playing with her fellows. D. By breathing through a tube.
B The Peales were a famous family of American artists. Charles Willson Peale is best remembered for his portraits of leading figures of the American Revolution. He painted portraits of Franklin and Jefferson and over a dozen of George Washington. His life-size portrait of his sons Raphaelle and Titian was so realistic that George Washington reportedly once tipped his hat to the figures in the picture. Charles Willson Peale gave up painting in his middle age and devoted his life to the Peale museum, which he founded in Philadelphia. The world’s first popular museum of art and natural science mainly covered paintings by Peale and his family as well as displays of animals in their natural settings. Peale found the animals himself and found a method to make the exhibits more lifelike. The museum’s most popular display was the skeleton (骷髅) of a huge, extinct elephant, which Peale unearthed on a New York farm in 1801. Three of Peale’s seventeen children were also famous artists. Paphaelle Peale often painted still lives of flowers, fruit, and cheese. His brother Rembrandt studied under his father and painted portraits of many noted people, including one of George Washington. Another brother, Rubens Peale, painted mostly landscapes and portraits. James Peale, the brother of Charles Willson Peale, specialized in miniatures (小画像). His daughter Sarah Miriam Peale was probably the first professional female portrait painter in America.25. The author mentions in Paragraph 1 that Washington tipped his hat to the figures in the painting to show that ________. A. Charles Willson Peale’s painting was very lifelike B. Washington respected Charles Willson Peale’s work C. Washington was friendly with Raphaelle and Titian Peale D. the painting of the two brothers was very large26. The underlined word “unearthed” is closest in meaning to“ ______”. A. showed B. dug up C. invented D. looked over27. Which of the following is NOT the child of Charles Willson Peale?A. Titian Peale. B. Rubens Peale. C. Raphaelle Peale. D.Sarah Miriam Peale.28. The author’s attitude toward the Peales is in general _______. A. puzzled B. excited C. admiring D. disappointed
29. Hotel Icaria Barcelona allows you easy access to the following EXCEPT ________.A. the stadiums where you can have sports B. the seaside where you can relax yourselfC. the places where you can take trains or busesD. the building where you can attend a religious service30. The underlined word “encrypted” in the last section probably means “________”.A. analysed B. stored C. collected D. protected 31. It can be inferred from the advertisement that _______. A. smoking is completely forbidden in the hotelB. every room follows the same hotel policiesC. policies may be in your favor if you book 6 roomsD. an extra bed can be provided for you free of charge
D What’s your dream vacation? Watching wildlife in Kenya? Boating down the Amazon? Sunbathing in Malaysia? New chances are opening up all the time to explore the world. So we visit travel agents,compare packages and prices,and pay our money. We know what our vacation costs us.But do we know what it might cost someone else? It’s true that many poorer countries now depend on tourism for foreign income.Unfortunately, though,tourism often harms the local people more than it helps them. It might cost their homes and lands. In Myanmar,5200 people were forced to leave their homes among the pagodas in Bagan so that tourists could visit the pagodas. Tourism might also cost the local people their livelihood and dignity. Local workers often find only menial jobs in the tourist industry.And most of the profits do not help the local economy.In stead,profits return to the tour operations in wealthier countries,When the Maasai people in Tanzania were driven from their lands, some moved to city slums.Others now make a little money selling souvenirs or posing for photos. Problems like these were observed more than 20 years ago.But now some non-government organizations,tour operations an local governments are working together to begin correcting them.Tourists, too, are putting on the pressure. The result is responsible tourism or “ethical tourism.” Ethical tourism has people at its heart.New international agreements and cultures.The beginnings are small,though,and the problems are complex. But take heart.The good news is that everyone,including us,can play a part to help the local people in the places we visit.Tour operations and companies can help by making sure that local people work in good conditions and earn reasonable wages. They can make it a point to use only locally owned hotel,restaurants and guide services.They can share profits fairly to help the local economy.And they can involve the local people in planning and managing tourism. What can tourist do？First,we can ask tour companies to provide information about the conditions of local citizens.We can then,make our choice and tell them why.And while we ’re abroad,we can: Buy local foods and products, not imported ones. Pay a fair price for goods and services and not bargain for the cheapest price. Avoid flaunting wealth. Ask before taking photographs of people. They are not just part of the landscape. Let’s enjoy our vacation and make sure others do, too.32.What is probably the best title for the article? A. Tourism Causes Bad Effects B.Tourism Calls for Good Behavior C.Vacations Bring a lot of fun D.Vacations cost more than you think33.Which of the following is not mentioned?A.Local people were well paid to leave their lands.B.Tourists may stay in hotels opened by local people.C.Local people are mainly provided with low-paying work.D.Tourists could bargain with local people for a reasonable price.34.The underlined phrase “take heart”means”________”. A.pay attention B.take care C.cheer up D.calm down35.According to the passage, the writer thinks ________. A.tourism is not a promising industry B.Dream vacations should be spent abroad C.The problems caused by tourism are easy to settle D.Tourists should respect local customs and culture第二节（共5小题，每小题2分，满分10分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳答案。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Seven secrets to a great life A great life doesn‘t happen by accident. A great life is the result of allocating your time, energy, thoughts, and hard work towards what you want your life to be. Stop setting yourself up for stress and failure, and start setting up your life to support success and ease. A great life is the result of using what you get in a creative and thoughtful way, instead of just what comes next. 36 . S—Simplify. A great life is the result of simplifying your life. People often misinterpret(曲解，误解)what simplify means. It‘s not a way to remove work from your life. 37 . In order to create a great life, you will have to make room for it in yours first. E—Effort. A great life is the result of your best effort. Creating a great life requires that you make some adjustments. It may mean re-evaluating how you spend your time, or choosing to spend your money in a different way. It may mean looking for new ways to spend your energy that coincide with your particular definition of a great life. Life will reward your best effort. C—Create priorities. A great life is the result of creating priorities. It‘s easy to spend your days just responding to the next thing that gets your attention, instead of intentionally using the time, energy and money you have in a way that‘s important to you. 38 . R—Reserves. 39 . With reserves, you acquire far more than you need—not 6 months living expenses, but 5 years worth; not 15 minutes of free time, 1 day. Reserves are important because they reduce the fear of consequences, and that allows you to make decisions based on what you really want instead of what the fear decides for you. E—Eliminate distractions. A great life is the result of eliminating distractions. Up to 75% of your mental energy can be tied up in things that are draining and distracting you. Eliminating distractions can be a difficult concept to many people, since they haven‘t really considered that there is another way to live. Look around at someone‘s life you admire. What do they do that you would like to incorporate into your own life? Ask them how they did it. Find ways to free up your mental energy for things that are more important to you. T—Thoughts. 40 . Your belief in the outcome will directly dictate how successful you are. Motivated people have specific goals and look for ways to achieve them. Believing there is a solution to the same old problems you encounter year after year is vitally important to creating a life that you love. S—Start. A great life is the result of starting. There‘s the old saying everyone‘s familiar with 'a journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.' In order to even move from the couch to the refrigerator, you have to start. There‘s no better time to start than today. Don‘t wait for a raise, or until the kids get older, or the weather is better. Today, right now, is the right day to start to take a step in the direction of your heart‘s desires. It‘s what you do TODAY that will make a difference in your life tomorrow.A. When you focus on simplifying your life, you free up energy and time for the work that you enjoy and the prpose for which you are here.B. A great life is the result of having reserves—reserves of things, time, space, eergy and money.C. Today, right now, is the right day to start to take a step in the direction of your heart’s disires.D. Up to 75% od your mental energy can be tied up in things that stop you concentrating.E. Now please use “secrets” to fit your own needs and style, and start creating your own great life today.F. A great life is the result of controlling your thoughts so that you accept and allow for the possibility that it actually can happen to you!G. Focus on removing the obstacles that get in the way of you making sure you are honoring your priorities.
第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分45分）第一节 完形填空（共20小题；每小题1.5分，满分30分） 阅读下面的短文，从短文后个体所给的四个选项（A,B,C和D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 On a trip to California, my family stopped for lunch. As we walked toward the entrance to the restaurant, a man, with a 41 beard and dirty hair, jumped up from a bench and opened the door for us．Regardless of his 42 , he greeted us in a friendly way． Once inside, my daughters whispered, 'Mom, he 43 ' After we ordered our lunch, I explained, telling the kids to look 44 the dirt．We then watched other customers approach the restaurant but many 45 him．Seeing this rudeness truly upset me．The day I became a mother, I had resolved to set a good 46 for my children．Yet sometimes when things didn‘t go right, being a good example was 47 When our meal arrived, I realized I had left the car-sick pills in the truck．With the windiest trip ahead, the kids needed them, so I 48 myself from the meal and went to get them． Just then, the 'doorman' was opening the door for a couple．They rushed past him without even acknowledging his 49 Letting them in first, I said a loud 'thank you' to him as I 50 ． When I returned, we talked a bit．He said he was not allowed inside 51 he purchased food．I went back and told my family his 52 .Then I asked our waitress to add one soup and sandwich．The kids looked 53 as we had already eaten, but when I said the order was for the 'doorman' , they smiled．When it was time to 54 our trip, I noticed the 'doorman' enjoying his meal．Upon seeing me, he stood up and thanked me heartily．He then 55 his hand for a handshake and I gratefully accepted．I suddenly noticed the tears in his eyes—tears of 56 .What happened next drew great astonishment: I gave the ' doorman' a 57 I He pulled away, with tears 58 down his face． Back in truck, I fell into deep thought．While we can‘t choose many things in life, we can choose when to show gratitude．I said thanks to a man who had 59 held open a door for me, and also said thanks for that 60 to teach my children by example．41．A．heavy B．long C．messy D．grey42．A．service B．appearance C．status D．attitude43．A．smokes B．smiles C．sniffs D．smells44．A．beyond B．over C．around D．into45．A．hated B．ignored C．missed D．refused46．A．target B．rule C．record D．example47．A．stressful B．accessible C．awkward D．tough48．A．excused B．freed C．prevented D．withdrew49．A．company B．presence C．effort D．attempt50．A．quitted B．marched C．exited D．approached[51．A．before B．unless C．though D．since52．A．story B．deed C．experience D．demand53．A．concerned B．shocked C．puzzled D．bored54．A．make B．start C．take D．continue55．A．extended B．washed C．raised D．waved56．A．approval B．affection C．sympathy D．gratitude57．A．hug B．nod C．lift D．clap58．A．slipping B．streaming C．rushing D．breaking59．A．firmly B．constantly C．simply D．politely60．A．journey B．wisdom C．opportunity D．coincidence
第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分45分）第二节 （共10小题；每小题1.5分，满分15分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入恰当的内容（不多于3个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 In the English Reading Week, one of my classmates recommended a quote to us, ___61__ goes like this; 'Your future depends on many things, ___62__ mostly on you.' I can‘t agree ___63__(much) with this view. It‘s true that our future ___64__ (determine) by many things, such as opportunities and help from others, but our own attitude, determination, ___65__ hard work play a more important role. In ___66_ words, we are the master of our own future. Take Abraham Lincoln, for example. He was born in a poor family, and only received a ___67__ (limit) education in his childhood. Yet through his painstaking efforts, he changed not only his own fate but also the history of America. ___68__ to this day. Lincoln ___69____(regard) as one of the most inspiring figures in the world. ___70__ , I firmly believe that our future is in our own hands.
第四部分 写作（共两节，满分35分）第一节 短文改错（共10小题；每小题1分，满分10分） 假设英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下日记。日记中共有10出错误，美剧中最多有两处错误。错误设计一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（^）,并且在其下面写出该加的词。删除：把多余的词用斜线（/）划掉。修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；2. 只允许修改10出，多者（从11处起）不计分。 I‘d like to tell you why I learn English. I often read English aloud and try learn something important by hearts, which helps me remember it easily and form into the good habit of thinking in English．I listen to a lot and talk with others in English．In this way, I was improved both my hearing and my spoken English．I keep a diary in English every day but my spoken English is becoming better and better．I also try my best to master the necessary grammar knowledge. By this means, I can express itself in English correct. That‘s the way I have been learning English. I hope it will be useful to you．That‘s all. Thank you．
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